Here’s how you can MASTER the Periodic Table of Elements

periodic table in chemistry

Mnemonics are catchy lines or phrases one can use to memorize and recall concepts that generally leave you scratching your head, trying to remember them. In this article, there are mnemonics given – one each for every group – to make it easier to learn the 118 elements of the Periodic Table

The Periodic Table constitutes of the names, atomic numbers, symbols and atomic weights of known elements. It comes in very handy in solving chemistry problems.

A periodic table is divided into groups (columns), where elements with each group behave similarly while bonding with other elements; and periods (rows), where elements in one period have same number of electron shells.

Here are some unique, fun and catchy mnemonics to help memorize the elements along each group or period:

Way to Read These Mnemonics:

These sentences contain letters denoting symbols of elements in the same order as they occur in a group or period.

Group 1 is known as alkali metals. It includes Lithium (Li), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Rubidium (Ru), Caesium (Cs), and Francium (Fr)

(H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr)

Highly Naive Kids Rub Cat’s Fur

 

Group 2 is known as alkaline earth metals. It includes Beryllium (Be), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Strontium (Sr), Barium (Br), and Radium (Ra)

(Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra)

Beena (and) Meghna Came Straight Back Rapidly

 

Group 13 is known as Boron group or the group of Icosagens or Triels. It includes Boron (B), Aluminium (Al), Gallium (Ga), Indium (In), and Thallium (Tl)

(B, Al, Ga, In, Tl)

B A G I T

 

Group 14 is known as Carbon group or the group of Crystallogens, Tetragens or Tetrels. It includes Carbon (C), Silicon (Si), Germanium (Ge), Tin (Sn), and Lead (Pb)

(C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb)

Cute Sisters Get Small (TINy) Problems

 

Group 15 is known as the group of Pnictogens or Nitrogen group. It includes Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Arsenic (As), Antimony (Sb), and Bismuth (Bi)

(N, P, As, Sb, Bi)

New Police Assigns Subordinate Bikram on duty

 

Group 16 is known as the group of Chalcogens or Oxygen group. It includes Oxygen (O), Sulphur (S), Selenium (Se), Tellurium (Te), and the radioactive element Polonium (Po)(O, S, Se, Te, Po)

Oh, Seema Sent The Post

 

Group 17 is known as the group of Halogens. It includes Fluorine (F), Chlorine (Cl), Bromine (Br), Iodine (I), and Astatine (At)

(F, Cl, Br, I, At)

Floor Cleaner Broke?” I Asked

 

Group 18 is known as the group of Noble gases, excluding Helium. Normally, they are all odorless and colorless gases with very low chemical reactivity. The group includes Helium (He), Neon (Ne), Argon (Ar), Krypton (Kr), Xenon (Xe), and the radioactive Radon (Rn).

(He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn)

Hero Never Arrived; Kiran Xeroxed from Rohan

 

Period 4 elements are quite stable and many of them are very common in earth’s crust or core or both. D-block elements it includes are Scandium (Sc), Titanium (Ti), Vanadium (V), Chromium (Cr), Manganese (Mn), Iron (Fe), Cobalt (Co), Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn)

(Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn)

Science Teacher(Ti)  Vineeta Criplani (and) Manager Feroz Could Not Cut Zinc(Zn)

 

Period 5 The elements of this period show many exceptions to Madelung rule. D-block elements it includes are Yttrium (Y), Zirconium (Zr), Niobium (Nb), Molybdenum (Mo), Technetium (Tc), Ruthenium (Ru), Rhodium (Rh), Pd (Palladium), Silver (Ag) and Cadmium (Cd)

(Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Cd)

Yes, Zero Nobody. Most Teachers Rechecked Rohan’s Papers Again to Confirm

 

Period 6 includes the lanthanides or rare earths. Some of these transition metals are very valuable such as gold. D-block elements it includes are Lutetium (Lu), Hafnium (Hf), Tantalum (Ta), Tungsten (W), Rhenium (Re), Osmium (Os), Iridium (Ir), Platinum (Pt), Gold (Au) and Mercury (Hg)

(La, Hf, Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, Au, Hg)

Laxman’s Half Taken, Wasim Reached Out Iron Plate Audibly (for) Honey.

 

Period 7 contains the radioactive elements only. It includes actinides which include the heaviest naturally occurring element Californium. All other elements are synthesized artificially. D-block elements

it includes are Actinium (Ac), Rutherfordium (Rf), Dubnium (Db), Seaborgium (Sg), Bohrium (Bh), Hassium (Hs), Meitnerium (Mt), and Darmstadtium (Ds)

(Ac, Rf, Db, Sg, Bh, Hs, Mt, Ds)

Actually R D Sharma Book Has Math ke Difficult Sums

 

Inner transition elements. They can be divided into Lanthanides (also known as rare earth elements) and Actinides that are highly reactive to halogens and chalcogens like lanthanides but they react more easily.

Lanthanides include Cerium (Ce), Praseodymium (Pr), Neodymium (Nd), Promethium (Pm), Samarium (Sm), Europium (Eu), Gadolinium (Gd), Terbium (Tb), Dysprosium (Dy), Holmium (Ho), Erbium (Er), Thulium (Tm), Ytterbium (Yb) and Lutetium (Lu).

(Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu)

Celina Proudly Named Pammi, Simmi (and) Eummi. Good (Mr).Tibby Dyewalla Hosts Early Tea (for) Yasmin (and) Lucy

 

Actinides includes Thorium (Th), Protactinium (Pa), Uranium (U), Neptunium (Np), Plutonium (Pu), Americium (Am), Curium (Cm), Berkelium (Bk), Fermium (Fm), Mendelevium (Md), Nobelium (No), and Lawrencium (Lr)

(Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, Bk, Cf, Es, Fm, Md, No, Lr)

Three Planets: Uranus, Neptune, (and) Pluto. Amita Came (from) Berkeley, California. Einstein (and) Fermi Made Noble Laws.

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